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Childhood & Conflict in History: Lessons Learned

  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/dateOld/date/date.theme on line 271.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/dateOld/date/date.theme on line 276.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/dateOld/date/date.theme on line 277.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/dateOld/date/date.theme on line 271.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/dateOld/date/date.theme on line 276.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/dateOld/date/date.theme on line 277.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Declaration of calendar_plugin_display_page::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit(&$form, &$form_state) in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 250.
  • strict warning: Declaration of calendar_plugin_display_page::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 250.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 47.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 48.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 49.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 50.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 51.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 52.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 53.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 54.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 55.
  • strict warning: Declaration of calendar_plugin_display_block::init() should be compatible with views_plugin::init(&$view, &$display) in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 83.
  • strict warning: Declaration of calendar_plugin_display_block::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 83.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 50.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 51.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 52.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 53.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 54.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 55.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 56.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 57.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 58.
  • strict warning: Declaration of calendar_plugin_display_attachment::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit(&$form, &$form_state) in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 239.
  • strict warning: Declaration of calendar_plugin_display_attachment::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 239.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 164.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 165.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 166.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 167.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 164.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 165.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 166.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 167.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 164.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 165.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 166.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 167.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 164.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 165.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 166.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 167.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 164.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 165.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 166.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 167.
  • strict warning: Declaration of calendar_plugin_display_ical::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit(&$form, &$form_state) in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/calendar_ical/calendar_plugin_display_ical.inc on line 217.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_argument::init() should be compatible with views_handler::init(&$view, $options) in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc on line 745.
  • strict warning: Declaration of date_api_argument_handler::init() should be compatible with views_handler::init(&$view, $options) in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/dateOld/includes/date_api_argument_handler.inc on line 360.
  • strict warning: Declaration of date_api_argument_handler::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/dateOld/includes/date_api_argument_handler.inc on line 360.
  • warning: Creating default object from empty value in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/dateOld/includes/date_api_argument_handler.inc on line 33.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state) in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 589.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_submit() should be compatible with views_handler::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 589.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter_boolean_operator::value_validate() should be compatible with views_handler_filter::value_validate($form, &$form_state) in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_boolean_operator.inc on line 149.
  • strict warning: Declaration of calendar_plugin_style::init() should be compatible with views_plugin::init(&$view, &$display) in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_style.inc on line 161.
  • warning: Creating default object from empty value in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 128.
  • warning: Creating default object from empty value in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 128.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 47.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 48.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 49.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 50.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 51.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 52.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 53.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 54.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 55.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 50.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 51.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 52.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 53.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 54.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 55.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 56.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 57.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 58.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 164.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 165.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 166.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 167.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 164.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 165.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 166.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 167.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 164.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 165.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 166.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 167.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 164.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 165.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 166.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 167.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 164.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 165.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 166.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 167.
  • strict warning: Declaration of calendar_view_plugin_style::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_view_plugin_style.inc on line 141.
  • warning: Creating default object from empty value in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/theme/theme.inc on line 107.
  • warning: Creating default object from empty value in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/theme/theme.inc on line 107.
  • warning: Creating default object from empty value in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/theme/theme.inc on line 107.
  • warning: Creating default object from empty value in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/theme/theme.inc on line 107.
  • warning: Creating default object from empty value in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/theme/theme.inc on line 107.
  • warning: Creating default object from empty value in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/theme/theme.inc on line 107.
  • warning: Creating default object from empty value in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/theme/theme.inc on line 107.
  • warning: Creating default object from empty value in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/theme/theme.inc on line 107.
  • warning: Creating default object from empty value in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/theme/theme.inc on line 107.
  • warning: Creating default object from empty value in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/theme/theme.inc on line 107.
  • strict warning: Declaration of calendar_plugin_style_ical::init() should be compatible with views_plugin::init(&$view, &$display) in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/calendar_ical/calendar_plugin_style_ical.inc on line 253.
  • strict warning: Declaration of calendar_plugin_style_ical::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/calendar_ical/calendar_plugin_style_ical.inc on line 253.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 47.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 48.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 49.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 50.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 51.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 52.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 53.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 54.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/vhost_websites/crytc.uwinnipeg.ca/public_html/portal/sites/all/modules/calendarOld/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 55.
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Event date: 
5 Jun 2015

Childhood & Conflict in History: Lessons Learned
5 to 6 June 2015
University of Reading

Speakers include Colin Heywood on modern conceptions of childhood, Helen Parish on children and witchcraft in early modern Europe, Padma Anapol on child marriages in India, Mara Oliva on Korean war orphans, and Dina Resz on ISIL cubs. For conference registration and further details please contact: child.conflict.conf@gmail.com.

The purpose of this conference is two-fold:

Academically, it will bring together historians across areas of specialisation regarding time period, geographic area, and approach to explore multiple, changing, and at times contradictory perceptions of childhood against the backdrop of conflict. Here, conflict may be understood as conventional warfare, genocide, civil war, religious strife, but also other violent episodes that put societies under stress such as witchcraft eradication movements and sectarian violence. This deeply historical conversation will be crosscut by discussants from other disciplines. Hence, the purpose of the conference is to gain new insights into the study of conflict through questioning the concepts child and childhood in comparative debate from a historical perspective.

More broadly, the conference recognizes that childhood and conflict is an emerging topic both in the media and popular culture as well as academic exploration. The latter almost inevitably takes the present with the prevalence of child soldiers in the so-called ‘new’ wars and child victims in insurgency and counter-insurgency campaigns and strife such as in Gaza, Syria, Honduras, and Nigeria as its starting point. The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child from 1989 determines that a child is younger than eighteen years of age and the Cape Town Principles from 1997 define a child soldier beyond the direct involvement in combat extending to support roles, including those of sex slaves. Children are most often seen as victims of their circumstances, helplessly exposed to the horrors of conflict created by adults. The purpose of the conference is to question the usefulness of modern scientific definitions that are understood to be and practised as universal as well as to interrogate critically current social science understandings of the issue.